IoT Applied to Hydroponics & Aquaponics

The World’s Next Plant-Based Production System

The plant-based food industry is growing rapidly. But it’s also highly competitive—and that means it needs to keep growing. Here are the terms you need to understand before I move on to the main topic.

IoT Applied to Hydroponics & Aquaponics
IoT Applied to Hydroponics & Aquaponics

What is Aquaponics?

The concept of aquaponics is simple. Water from a fish tank is filtered through a pump and rerouted to grow plants in a raised bed system. At the same time, fish waste from the fish tank is used to fertilize the plants, thereby eliminating the need for chemical fertilizers.

Meanwhile, the system is self-contained and can run year-round without human intervention. The fish, which eat organic food from the plants, are easy to maintain, and the water is naturally disinfected by the plants.

What is Hydroponics?

In this case, the word ‘hydroponics’ actually means ‘growing using water.’ This form of gardening uses nutrient-rich water solutions in order to create a food-bearing environment within containers or trays that are usually placed within larger soil beds.

The gardening technique allows for plants to grow without being directly connected to the ground.

Application of IoT to Hydroponics and Aquaponics
Application of IoT to Hydroponics and Aquaponics

The Internet of Things is a broad term for all the connected devices that are making our lives easier and more efficient. The IoT is defined by the World Economic Forum as the “interconnectivity of physical and virtual resources to enable the creation of value and the flow of information.”

Our world is currently experiencing a revolution in the way we connect. With the Internet of Things, all of these connections will become increasingly smarter, more capable, and more ubiquitous. These technologies are being used in everything from your home to your car to your clothes.

IoT technology has been applied in hydroponic & aquaponics farming. Hydroponic farming is used to grow vegetables and fruits indoors, even during winter. This technology is being used in the home gardens of people who cannot grow food outdoors due to the weather or a lack of space.

In addition, Hydroponic farming requires no soil, which eliminates the need for regular fertilization. Instead, plants are watered via a series of pipes in which water flows through a series of growth chambers. While the water is sprayed on the plants as they grow. The benefit of the system can be obtained for the whole year.

Also, Indoor farming produces up to ten times as much food per square foot as traditional farming.

Indoor farming produces up to ten times as much food per square foot as traditional farming.
Indoor farming produces up to ten times as much food per square foot as traditional farming.

Why Do We Need it

As the world’s population continues to grow, global food shortages become increasingly frequent. In the near future, there will not be enough land for farming on our planet. This is why hydroponics and aquaponics have become some of the hottest fields of study in the agriculture industry.

How does it work?

Both of these growing systems are essentially growing plants in nutrient-rich water rather than soil. Therefore, it requires fewer fertilizers and pesticides for crop yield.

Benefits of Aquaponics & Hydroponics

In the past, hydroponic and aquaponic systems were limited to research and specialty markets. Now, however, they are becoming more popular. Farmers are becoming familiar with this modern method. Some of the benefits are here:

  • People are moving away from traditional farming and toward self-sustaining, organic methods.
  • A large amount of food is wasted because it has to be shipped long distances. This technology reduced wastage.
  • There is a growing interest in reducing carbon footprints.
  • People want to eat fresh food that has not been exposed to pesticides and other harmful chemicals.
  • Locally grown food is in demand.
  • Food production and its origins are important to people.

Disadvantages of Aquaponics & Hydroponics

  • One is the availability of knowledge and technology. The other is government regulation.
  • The biggest challenge is to get more people to adopt the system.
  • It takes time to indulge the system as a routine practice.
  • The electricity cost is high to run the system.
  • In some cases, it may not be suitable for all types of crops.

Future Growth

It is important to realize that the growth of hydroponics and aquaponics is only beginning. There are a number of benefits that these growing systems can offer.

For example, there are many different types of hydroponic and aquaponic growing systems available. Like, there are several different ways that these systems can be used to grow plants.

Similarly, the system is environmentally friendly. And is completely self-sustaining since they produce their own nutrients and don’t need any extra outside resources.

More importantly, they require less water. That makes them an ideal choice for areas that have a limited supply of water.

Opportunity for Farmers

The opportunity for farmers is increasing due to the growth of the hydroponics and aquaponics industries. Farmers have started using these methods to increase the yield of their crops. They are doing this because they know that these methods are effective and efficient. And also cost-effective.

Now Farmers are growing a variety of crops. This includes vegetables, fruits, and herbs.

At the same time, Farmers are also starting to use these methods to grow fish. One of the most vital parts is that these methods are safe for both humans and the environment. While allowing farmers to grow healthy food.

Let’s have a look at opportunities for the stakeholders regarding the industry:

  • There is a big opportunity for the growth of the industry. Many companies are making the equipment and providing the services.
  • The main benefit of these growing systems is that they allow people to grow food without seasonal restrictions.
  • It helps to reduce the number of greenhouse gasses emitted by farming.
  • It helps to increase the yield per unit of land.
  • Water usage is decreasing without affecting the production volume of food.


In conclusion, The internet of things (IoT) can be used to manage our plants better. With the help of the equipment, we can monitor our hydroponic and aquaponic systems more easily and efficiently, which will result in greater efficiency and a better yield.

Yet, a lot of people still don’t realize the importance of hydroponics. It is the perfect way to feed the growing demand for fresh produce. Thanks to technology.

Today, it is possible to set up the unit to start yielding at home. This is the future of hydroponics and aquaponics.